Stocks extended losses Monday even as the Federal Reserve prepared to launch an expansion of lending programs in an effort to shield the economy from the coronavirus pandemic.
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 480 points, erasing gains after futures briefly jumped more than 400 points. The Standard & Poor’s 500 lost 2.5%. On Friday, stocks posted their worst week since the financial crisis.
The Fed said it plans to purchase an unlimited amount of Treasurys and mortgage securities in a bid to support financial markets. It also said that it would purchase commercial mortgage-backed securities.
The Fed also said it will purchase agency commercial mortgage-backed securities as part of an expansion in its asset purchases, known in the market as quantitative easing.
“We’ve got a lot of promise from the Fed, but they’re still going to need help from Congress,” says Scott Colyer, chief executive at Advisors Asset Management. “Does the Fed’s latest move solve our virus problem? No. Does it solve our unemployment problem? No. But it does allow markets to function. At the end of last week, we were sorely in need of that.”
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Top-level negotiations between Congress and the White House continued after the Senate voted against advancing a nearly $2 trillion economic rescue package. Another vote was expected Monday. The Democrats said the bill was tilted too much toward aiding corporations and would not do enough to help individuals and healthcare providers weather the crisis brought on by the pandemic.
Lockdowns and closures intended to halt the spread of the new coronavirus expanded over the weekend to include many cities around the world. The U.S. has more than 35,200 confirmed cases and 471 deaths across 34 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam as of Sunday night.
Globally, more than 14,700 people have died of the virus and 341,365 cases have been confirmed, according to the Johns Hopkins University data dashboard.
Analysts are all but certain that the deadly virus will push the U.S. economy into recession as businesses close and shoppers stay home.
“The U.S. economy almost certainly entered a recession this month but in a very unconventional manner,” Jim Paulsen, chief market strategist at the Leuthold Group, said in a note. “The coronavirus forced U.S. officials to simply shut down the country. Like everything about this crisis, it is not the bad news that hurts the most, it is the total uncertainty.”
The floor of the New York Stock Exchange will be closed Monday, but trading will resume electronically.
Much of the coronavirus impact on company earnings in the first quarter is likely to be restricted to their operations in March. But the outlook for corporate earnings in the second quarter and beyond remains cloudy, analysts say.
Earnings at S&P 500 companies are forecast to drop 2.9% in the first quarter, according to FactSet. That would mark the biggest year-over-year drop since the second quarter of 2016 and the fourth time in the past five quarters where the index has reported a decline in earnings.
Goldman Sachs cut its annual earnings per share estimate for the S&P 500 for the third time in a month, and now expects a decline of 33% in 2020 from last year. Economists at the firm now expect U.S. gross domestic product to contract 24% in the second quarter following a 6% drop in the first three months of the year.
“Business activity continues to deteriorate at a rapid rate,” analysts at Goldman Sachs said in a note. “In 2008, financial excesses affected the rest of the economy. In 2020, the collapse in the real economy has driven financial markets into turmoil. As social distancing has confined many citizens to their homes, corporate sales have plunged, creating liquidity crises for many firms.”
Treasury yields fell on Monday as investors retreated to safe havens and bought bonds, whose prices move in the opposite direction of yields. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note dropped to 0.81%.
Stocks fell in Paris, Frankfurt and London after a brutal session in Asia on Monday. Germany’s DAX lost 3.8% and Britain’s FTSE 100 tumbled 4.1%. In Paris, the CAC 40 shed 2.8%.
Japan’s Nikkei 225 index was the outlier, gaining 2.0% after the International Olympic Committee and Japanese officials indicated they are considering postponing the Tokyo Games, due to begin in July.
Contributing: The Associated Press